Anambas Islands Regency is known as a tropical paradise due to its remarkable marine biodiversity. One primary biodiversity type in this region is the ecological diversity consisting of three tropical marine ecosystems: coral reefs, mangrove and seagrass.
Nudibranchs are shell-less marine gastropod mollusks, part of the sea slug family, and estimated to have more than 2,000 different species found in the world's oceans.
Clams are one of the mollusks in the bivalve class that are often found in coral reef ecosystems. They have two genera (Tridacna and Hippopus),1 share a symbiotic life with Zooxanthellae photosynthetic algae2 and live in the Indo-Pacific region. So far there are 12 types of clams that have been identified, eight of them are...
Herbivorous fish have an important role in limiting the growth and dominance of algae, providing opportunities for coral recruitment to grow.